aim gsb012 business research methods an organisation examining energy strategies

Question:
Week 1
Question 1
The Russian Doll concept refers to:
a. Operationalising a concept
b. Identifying a research question
c. Narrowing a research topic
d. Refining a research question
Question 2
Good theory must not only include what and how but also use:
a. Logical reasoning
b. Analytic deduction
c. Casual analysis
d. Causal analysis
Question 3
An organisation examining energy efficiency strategies is most likely using:
a. Middle range strategies
b. Substantive strategies
c. Ground strategies
d. Selective strategies
Question 4
Which of the following is not one of the four criteria that can be used and can be used to assess a research proposal?
a. Method
b. Coherence
c. Feasibility
d. Ethical clearance
Question 5
What is a term used to describe how a researcher needs to interpret and think about the research experience and method used?
a. Reflection
b. Reflexivity
c. Reactivity
d. Review
Question 6
Which of the following forms of research is arguably characterised by a strong focus on methodological rigour that might be at the ‘expense of the results?’
a. Pedantic science
b. Puerile science
c. Pragmatic science
d. Popularist science
Question 7
Indicate whether the following statement true or false.
Findings of significance and value to society in general reflect applied research.
True
False
Question 8
A term used where research questions relate to the research topic and the topic leads to important answers is:
a. Synchronisation
b. Symmetry
c. Coherence
d. None of the above
Question 9
Which of the following techniques used to generate research ideas does not use rational thinking?
a. Discussion
b. Relevance tree
c. Examining your own strengths and weaknesses
d. Scanning the media
Question 10
What term describes a technique used to refine research ideas?
a. Brainstorming technique
b. Preliminary inquiry
c. Projective technique
d. Delphi technique
Week 2
Question 1
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
a. True
b. False
Question 2
Which of the following does NOT follow an objectivist epistemology?
a. Attributed meanings
b. Uses assumptions of a natural scientist
c. Law-like generalisations
d. Observable phenomenon
Question 3
A research philosophy concerning power relations is:
a. Critical Realism
b. Postmodernism
c. Positivism
d. Pragmatism
Question 4
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
The approach that starts with an observation (or set of observations) then seeks to find the simplest and most likely explanation is known as abduction.
a. True
b. False
Question 5
Indicate the following statement whether is true or false.
Use of data is primarily for the purpose of evaluating propositions.
a. False
b. True
Question 6
William Dewey is a researcher linked with which research philosophy?
a. Hermeneutics
b. Symbolic interactionism
c. Pragmatism
d. None of the above
Question 7
Which of the following is not a type of research purpose?
a. Evaluative
b. Descriptive
c. Narrative
d. Exploratory
Question 8
A research study also referring to interviewees as subjects reflects which of the following research philosophies?
a. Epistemologist position
b. Functionalist paradigm
c. Radical structuralist position
d. Objectivist ontological position
Question 9
A term used to reflect contrasting research paradigms that are opposite or mutually exclusive is:
a. Axiology
b. Critical realism
c. Nominalism
d. Incommensurability
Question 10
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
Indicative case study research is solely designed to complement deductive research.
Select one:
a. True
b. False
WEEK 3
Question 1
Which type of critical review critiques and synthesises literature to generate new frameworks and perspectives on a given topic?
a. Integrative review
b. Methodological review
c. Systematic review
d. Theoretical review
Question 2
A literature review method comparing and contrasting authors using a funnel approach refers to:
a. An inductive approach
b. An annotating approach
c. A thematic approach
d. A deductive approach
Question 3
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
Conference proceedings as literature sources are not normally controlled by commercial publishers described as grey or primary literature.
a. True
b. False
Question 4
Which literature source includes topic specific areas written by academics and organisations?
a. Professional journals
b. Trade journals and magazines
c. Non-referred academic journals
d. None of the above
Question 5
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
A parameter used for a search includes publication period.
a. True
b. False
Question 6
An index and summary of articles from a range of journals (sometimes books, chapters from books or reports) is known as:
a. Indexes
b. Full text online databases
c. OPAC
d. Abstracts
Question 7
Truncation in Boolean Logic:
a. Picks up different spellings
b. Excludes terms from search
c. Uses word stems to pick up different word forms
d. Is not a connector
Question 8
A peer-reviewed journal abstract includes purpose, design/methodologies/approach, research findings/limitations/implications/limitations/practical implications and:
a. Originality/value
b. Theoretical implications
c. Future research
d. Conclusion
Question 9
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
One of the 3 key criteria used to evaluate collected literature is validity.
a. False
b. True
Question 10
A digital object identifier (DOI) is:
a. A term used to describe all references referred to in the text
b. The full internet address of a resource that accessed data
c. A permanent identifier to an electronic document
d. None of the above
Week 4
Question 1
A research design theory that includes more than one phase of data collection and analysis is:
a. Concurrent mixed methods research
b. Fully integrated mixed methods design
c. Sequential mixed methods research
d. Embedded mixed methods research
Question 2
An introduced variable that can affect the nature of the relationship between the independent variable and the dependent variable is known as:
a. Mediating variables
b. Moderator variable
c. Control variable
d. Confounding variable
Question 3
Indicate whether this statement is true or false.
Critical ethnography often adopts an advocacy role to bring about change.
a. False
b. True
Question 4
Memo writing is a key element for use in research. Which approach uses memos?
a. Action research
b. Grounded theory
c. Phenomenology
d. Narrative inquiry
Question 5
A factor that relates to the altering of a researchers interpretation is known as:
a. Participant error
b. Researcher error
c. Researcher bias
d. Spurious data
Question 6
Which of the following is not a threat to internal validity?
a. Transferability
b. Mortality
c. Maturation
d. Instrumentation
Question 7
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
Deciding whether an act of conduct is justified or not by weighing up benefits over negative consequences is defined as a teleological view of ethics.
a. True
b. False
Question 8
Non-maleficence is an ethical term applied in research. It means:
a. Probity
b. Avoidance of harm
c. Demonstrating integrity
d. Ensuring privacy and anonymity
Question 9
Which is not classified as one of the 3 key organisational concerns about access to conduct research?
a. Time
b. Credibility
c. Sensitivity
d. Confidentiality
Question 10
The study of participants at a particular time is known what type of study?
a. Cross sectional study
b. Longitudinal
Week 5
Question 1
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
Collecting data using both a questionnaire and structured observation refers to multiple methods.
a. True
b. False
Question 2
Which of the following types of participant observation methods means the purpose of the role of research is transparent?
a. Observer as participant
b. Complete observer
c. Complete participant
d. Researcher as participant
Question 3
Which of the following statements in relation to structured observation is incorrect?
a. Data collection can be cost-prohibitive
b. Development of theory to support structured observation extends the value of the research
c. Structured observation recognising conditions of variability safeguards research validity
d. Reliable results mean that data can be replicated
Question 4
Which of the following interview methods is more likely to include an interview schedule?
a. Unstructured interview
b. Informant interview
c. Standardised interview
d. Semi-structured interview
Question 5
In some cultures participants might only respond by agreeing with the researcher. Which author made note of that?
a. Geertz
b. Yin
c. Flyberg
d. Gobo
Question 6
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
Where the order of questions and questioning logic needs alteration, an in-depth interview is not the appropriate data collection method.
a. False
b. True
Question 7
A questioning technique where participants are asked to describe an activity or event in detail is defined as:
a. Delphi technique
b. Critical incident technique
c. Probing technique
d. Cultural reflexivity
Question 8
Which authors discuss synchronous text-based instant messaging as an online interviewing tool?
a. Miller, Dingwall & Murphy
b. Court & Abbas
c. Pearce, Thogerson-Ntoumani & Duda
d. Madge
Question 9
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
No new data that seems to emerge also aligns with dj vu.
a. False
b. True
Question 10
The breaking down of boundaries between researcher and participants and the friendship model is notable in a Foucauldian influenced study. Which of the following types of studies might apply this interview approach?
a. A study of womens experiences and identity at work
b. A study of mental health workers and behavioural responses to stress and burnout
c. A study of staff turnover in a small business
d. A study of daily activities in an engineering and construction company
Week 6
Question 1
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
There is more confidence the right person has responded to a postal questionnaire rather than a telephone interview.
a. True
b. False
Question 2
Which is not an online survey tool?
a. Survey Monkey
b. Qualtrics
c. NVIVO
d. Snap Surveys
Question 3
Which is a data variable collected through questionnaires?
a. Demographic
b. Moderating
c. Mediating
d. None of the above
Question 4
What type of questions suggested by Bloomberg et al 2014 assist with addressing research questions?
a. Open-ended
b. Closed
c. Investigative
d. Retest
Question 5
Which type of closed question records responses using a grid?
a. Ranking
b. List
c. Matrix
d. Category
Question 6
Idiomatic meaning refers to what aspect of questionnaires?
a. Equivalence of meanings to every day experiences
b. Lexical meaning – precise meaning of individual words
c. Correct use of language and ordering of words
d. Meanings of a group of words to a specific culture or ‘native speakers’
Question 7
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
Insufficient filter questions may annoy a respondent.
a. True
b. False
Question 8
The quality of your data, or a better explanation or corroboration of findings, is more likely captured through which medium?
a. Self-memos
b. A research notebook
c. Transcript summary
d. Interim summary
Question 9
In vivo codes (unlike A priori codes) are elicited from terms or words of participants rather than being derived from theories.
a. True
b. False
Question 10
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
Thematic analysis can also be used with both deductive and inductive approaches.
a. False
b. True
Week 7
Question 1
A type of sampling method where are group of firms is chosen to participate in an interview based survey is:
a. Stratified random sampling
b. Simple random sampling
c. Purposive sampling
d. Cluster sampling
Question 2
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
A linear-analytic approach is appropriate for a Grounded Theory report structure.
a. True
b. False
Question 3
When comparing relative spread of data between distributions of different magnitudes, a method used for meaningful comparison (including standard deviation and the mean) creates what type of statistic?
a. Coefficient of multiple determination
b. Coefficient of variation
c. ANOVA
d. None of the above
Question 4
Which of the following is not a measure of central tendency?
a. Standard deviation
b. Mode
c. Median
d. Mean
Question 5
What type of analysis predicts the value of a variable from one or more other variables, such as predictions of the impact of increased advertising expenditure on customer traffic levels?
a. Path analysis
b. Multivariate analysis
c. Regression analysis
d. Monte Carlo method
Question 6
Indicate whether the following statement is true or false.
A statistic is used to measure the consistency of response to a Cronbachs alpha:
a. False
b. True
Question 7
Criterion-related validity is also known as:
a. Convergent validity
b. Content validity
c. Predictive validity
d. Discriminant validity
Question 8
Which of the following is suitable for categorical and discrete data?
a. Pie Chart
b. Pictogram
c. Histogram
d. None of the above
Question 9
To assess the strength of relationship between two variables, which statistical test is used?
a. Spearmans rank correlation coefficient
b. Chi Square
c. Mann Whitney U Test
d. Standard deviation
Question 10
Indicate whether this statement is true or false.
CAQDAS is a software tool used in quantitative research.
a. False
b. True

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