Environmental Science Discussion 2 | StudyDaddy.com

An investigative panel put together by President Obama in 2011 released some “disturbing” news which reported that in the 1940’s, U.S. researchers performed unethical medical procedures and experiments on people in Guatemala, including re-infecting a dying woman with syphilis. These past experiments, which were conducted from 1946–1948 by the U.S. Public Health Service, the Pan American Sanitary Bureau and several Guatemalan government agencies. They wanted to test if penicillin could prevent STDs such as gonorrhea and syphilis. The reports alleged that they tested this theory by deliberately exposing over 1,300 Guatemalans, including soldiers, sex workers, prisoner and mental patients. More than 700 people were infected with an STD and 83 people died.

These particular experiments were not a secret, but what the panel found shocked them. According to a recent Huffington Post article, a female syphilis patient was infected with gonorrhea in her eyes and elsewhere. Six months later she died. “The researchers put their own medical advancement first and human decency a far second,” said Anita Allen, a member of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. President Obama subsequently called Guatemala’s president, Alvaro Colom, to apologize. History will suggest that African-Americans are no strangers to this type of medical mistreatment. The infamous Tuskegee Experiment conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama, to study the natural progression of untreated syphilis in 600 African-American men is well documented. The current distrust that exists in America between the African-American community and the “medical establishment” serves as a continual reminder of past abuses. The African-American community has a unique perspective, one that began steeped in exploitation. While there have been obvious improvements in access to good health care, fear and suspicion remain. As with any wound, this relationship requires time to fully mend.  President Clinton’s apology provided a first step, recognizing and accepting the government’s role in perpetuating this crucial contributor to heath disparities.

In your reading for this week about the Tuskegee Experiment:

1. Discuss the influences it had on the future conduct of clinical trials. 2. Discuss additional steps that could have been taken to avoid any unethical issues that resulted in the Guatemala experiments. 

Note: Try to be objective in your assessment of this week’s discussion. Read through the attached article which summarizes the Guatemala syphilis study.

Show more

Calculate Your Essay Price
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more

Order your essay today and save 10% with the coupon code: best10